There are 26 bones, 33 joints, and over 100 tendons in your foot and ankle. The largest bone in your foot is the heel.
You may experience heel pain if you overuse or injure your heel. This can be anything from minor to severe. If simple home remedies don't relieve the pain, a doctor or podiatrist may be required to diagnose the problem.
Heel pain can be caused by a variety of factors.
- Plantar fasciitis. Plantar fasciitis occurs when the plantar fascia ligament is damaged by too much pressure on the feet, resulting in pain and stiffness.
- Sprains and strains. Sprains and strains are bodily injuries that frequently occur as a result of physical activity. These injuries are common, and depending on the incident, they can range from minor to severe.
- Fracture. A broken bone is referred to as a fracture. This is classified as a medical emergency. It's possible that you'll need immediate medical attention.
- Achilles tendonitis. Overuse injuries cause the tendon that connects the calf muscles to the heel to become painful or inflamed, causing Achilles tendonitis.
- Bursitis. Bursae are fluid-filled sacs that are located around your joints. They form a protective barrier around the points where tendons, skin, and muscle tissues meet bones.
- Ankylosing spondylitis. The spine is primarily affected by this type of arthritis. It produces significant vertebral inflammation, which can lead to chronic discomfort and impairment in the long run.
- Osteochondroses. In children and teenagers, these illnesses have a direct impact on bone growth.
- Reactive arthritis. This type of arthritis is brought on by an infection in the body.
When should you make an appointment with your doctor?
If you have heel discomfort, you may want to start with some simple home remedies, such as rest. Make an appointment with your doctor if your heel pain does not improve within two to three weeks.
If you have any of the following symptoms, you should contact your doctor right away:
- You are in extreme pain.
- The pain begins abruptly.
- Your heel is swollen and red.
- Because of the pain in your heel, you are unable to walk.
How can heel pain be treated?
If you develop heel pain, try the following home remedies to relieve your discomfort:
- Rest as much as possible.
- Apply ice to the heel twice a day for 10 to 15 minutes.
- Use the over-the-counter pain relievers.
- Wear shoes that fit properly.
- Wear a night splint, which is a special device that helps to stretch your foot while you sleep.
- To alleviate pain, use heel lifts or shoe inserts.
If these at-home pain-relieving techniques don't work, you should see a doctor. They'll examine you and ask you about your symptoms, including when they started. To figure out what's causing your heel pain, your doctor might order an X-ray. Your doctor will be able to provide you with the appropriate treatment once they have determined what is causing your pain.
Physical therapy may be prescribed by your doctor in many cases. This can help to strengthen your foot's muscles and tendons, which can help you avoid further injury. Anti-inflammatory medications may be prescribed by your doctor if your pain is severe. These drugs can either be injected into the foot or taken orally.
Your doctor may also advise you to support your foot as much as possible, either by taping it or wearing special footwear.
Your doctor may recommend surgery to correct the problem in very rare cases, but heel surgery has a long recovery time and does not always relieve foot pain.
What are the complications of heel pain?
Heel pain can be debilitating and interfere with your daily activities. It could also affect the way you walk. If this occurs, you're more likely to lose your balance and fall, increasing your risk of other injuries.
How can you prevent heel pain?
Although it may not be possible to avoid all cases of heel pain, there are some simple steps you can take to avoid injury and pain:
- Wear shoes that are well-fitting and supportive of the foot.
- If you're going to be active, make sure you're wearing the right shoes.
- Before you exercise, stretch your muscles.
- Maintain a steady pace while exercising.
- Maintain a nutritious diet.
- When you're tired of your muscles hurt, take a break.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
For Buffalo Grove heel pain physical therapy, you can trust us to deliver the desired results with fewer visits. Contact us at (847) 262-9028 today and set up an initial appointment.
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